In 2024, the General Badminton Rules and Regulations set by the Badminton World Federation (BWF) will continue to govern the thrilling sport. Matches are determined by the best of three games, with the first side to reach 21 points securing a game win, except in specific events where 30 points are required. Scoring points on every serve, the serving and receiving sides alternate on each rally. Service faults, such as improper foot placement or racket positioning, can result in a point for the opposing side. Players must maintain continuous play, avoiding unnecessary delays. As the global badminton community evolves, these regulations ensure fair and competitive play on the court. Always refer to the latest BWF rulebook for the most current and accurate information.
The badminton court is rectangular and measures 44 feet long and 20 feet wide. It is divided into two halves by a net that is 5 feet 1 inch high at the center and 5 feet high at the posts.
The badminton racquet is lightweight and hand-held, with a strung head that is no more than 27 inches long and 9 inches wide. The total weight of the racquet and its strings should not exceed 3 ounces.
The shuttlecock, also known as a birdie, is a projectile made of feathers or synthetic materials. It is typically about 2.4 inches in diameter and weighs about 0.14 ounces.
The serve is the first action in a badminton rally. The server must stand behind the service line and hit the shuttlecock diagonally into the opponent’s service court. The shuttlecock must be hit below waist height, and the racquet head must be pointing downward when the shuttlecock is hit.
A rally is a continuous sequence of shots in which the shuttlecock is hit back and forth across the net. The rally ends when a player fails to return the shuttlecock or when a fault is committed.
A fault is an error that results in the loss of a point. Some common faults include:
- Hitting the shuttlecock into the net
- Hitting the shuttlecock out of bounds
- Touching the net with the player’s body or racquet
- Serving illegally
- Double-fault (two consecutive faults by the same player)
A point is awarded to the side that wins the rally. The first team to reach 21 points wins the game. If the score is tied at 20-20, the game continues until one side has a two-point lead. A match is typically the best of three games.
Singles Badminton Rules And Regulations
In singles, the server stands behind the service line on the right side of the court and serves diagonally into the opponent’s right service court. After a point is scored, the server continues to serve from the same side of the court.
In singles, it is a fault if the shuttlecock hits the ground on the server’s side of the net.
Doubles Badminton Rules And Regulations
In doubles, the serve alternates between the two partners on the serving side. The first serve is always from the right side of the court, and the second serve is from the left side of the court. After a point is scored, the serving side continues to serve, but the partners switch positions on the court.
In doubles, it is a fault if the shuttlecock hits the ground on the server’s side of the net or if the shuttlecock is hit by a partner who is not in the correct position.
Here is a table summarizing the key differences between singles and doubles rules of badminton:
|Right side only
|Alternates between right and left sides
|Fault after hitting ground
|On server’s side only
|On either side
|Must be in correct positions
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